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Epivir (Lamivudine)

Epivir is an antiviral drug used to treat chronic hepatitis B. It's sold under the brand name Epivir as well as the brand name Epivir for treating HIV infection, usually in combination with other antiviral drugs. Epivir is a prescription medicine approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of HIV infection in adults and children 3 months of age and older.

Other names for this medication:
Lamivudine, Epivir, Heptovir, Lamivudina, Lamzid, Zeffix,

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It was found that sigma d is at least 0.89 for total proteins and sigma f is at least 0.84, 0.87, 0.86, 0.92, 0.95, and 0.96 for protein fractions with effective molecular radii of 36, 39.5, 44, 66, 105, and 123 A, respectively. When high-quality systematic reviews existed, we summarized their evidence. Traditionally, potencies of human interferons (IFNs) and of neutralising antibodies (NAbs) against them are quantified by antiviral assays. Partition of polysaccharide-coated liposomes in aqueous two-phase systems. However, their data do not rule out the alternative conclusion that Mundurucu speakers encode numbers linearly with scalar variability and psychologically construct space-number mappings by analogy.

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New developments in the study of the pathogenesis of experimental gastric and duodenal ulcers indicate a complex multifactorial process leading to ulceration. After radio- and chemotherapy, serum glucose level of the patient returned to normal.

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induced an increase in IL-10 secretion by MGL1-positive colonic lamina propria macrophages, but not the macrophage population from Mgl1(-/-) mice. In the Cryptophyceae, the starch grains lie outside the chloroplast envelope, but within the outer double-membraned sac. This study supports claims that the availability of medical and nursing staff is associated with the survival of critically ill patients and suggests that future studies should focus on the resources of the health care team. To determine whether noneosinophilic, steroid-naive asthmatic subjects show an improvement in asthma control, asthma symptoms and spirometry after four weeks of treatment with ICS, and whether they further benefit from the addition of a long-acting beta-2 agonists to ICS.

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Such a scaffold may also be a suitable vehicle for growing cells and tissue in the laboratory for tissue engineering applications. To overcome this, we propose the use of monocyte-targeted therapies rather than T-cell apoptosis-inducing therapies. Antibiotic treatment controlled the infection and the abscess was aspirated. Urgent and nonurgent presentations to a psychiatric emergency service in Nigeria: pattern and correlates. The system of SL-A histocompatibility of swine: study by the technic of mixed cultures of leukocytes

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Patient characteristics, imaging investigations, operations performed, and morbidity were evaluated. Protamine was then bound to controlled-pore glass beads aminohexyl CPG 500 using glutaraldehyde. A new multi-host species indirect ELISA using protein A/G conjugate for detection of anti-Toxoplasma gondii IgG antibodies with comparison to ELISA-IgG, agglutination assay and Western blot.

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A comparison of therapeutic bandage lenses, tarsorrhaphy, and antibiotic and hypertonic saline on corneal epithelial wound healing. Reflections on the Australia 2020 summit long-term national health strategy. Disseminated cutaneous leishmaniasis: ulcerovegetative and ulcero-crusted lesions.

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Calcium and phosphorus requirement of swine from weaning to market weight: I. Predictors of visual-motor integration in children with intellectual disability. Urachal carcinoma is a rare non-urothelial malignancy frequently involving the midline or dome of the bladder due to direct extension from the urachal ligament, the structure from which this tumor arises.

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This finding suggests that the exercise intervention improves proximal joint mechanics during walking and can be considered for patients with bilateral knee OA. We found similar or higher levels of ED than in comparable overseas studies. Screening for prostate cancer with serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) is one of the most controversial practices in health care today and guidelines from professional and policy organizations are contradictory.

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The objective of this study was to longitudinally examine the geographic distribution of physicians in Japan with adjustment for healthcare demand according to changes in population age structure. For understanding the mechanism of catechins, interactions of catechins with cellular membranes were investigated.

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Lower anterior resection was carried out on the rectal cancer patient (an 80-year- old man), who had synchronous multiple liver metastases. Techniques available for the diagnosis of these neoplasms are discussed.

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In properly selected cases, open surgical direct needle puncture embolization of intracranial vascular tumors under biplane fluoroscopy is a viable alternative devascularization method. We reveal a reentrant magnetic ordering with the increase of elliptical deformation and suggest that the piezomagnetic quantum dots can be used as nanoscale magnetic switches. This provides an additional interaction with the enzyme and may overcome the problem of resistance encountered with these drugs.

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Most patient education materials on the websites of these programs were written at or above the eleventh grade reading level. Specifically, we found that the CBX/HP1 chromodomains that recognize H3K9me also recognize H3K23me2/3-a poorly understood histone PTM.

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Energy transfer efficiency on lymphocytes of leukemia patients measured by fluorescence polarization. New and potential targets and pathways for therapeutic intervention are illustrated. Our results further indicate that clump selection may be influenced by variables other than the density of seeds within a clump. In contrast to the previous studies, we not only observe the dispersal induced generation of oscillation but also report two distinct mechanisms of cessation of oscillations, namely, amplitude and oscillation death.

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We present the case of a 55-year-old woman with no previous diagnosis of bipolar disorder, who underwent orthotopic liver transplantation for hepatitis C and alcohol-related liver disease. In hydrocephalus associated with posterior fossa anomalies and/or encephalocele, we recommend detailed US examination of the fetal eyes. Septicaemia in scald and flame burns: appraisal of significant differences. Among the different ways of introducing a robustness constraint into the design stage, the purpose of this paper is to use the maximum sensitivity value as the design parameter.

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Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are a group of disorders characterised by progressive cytopenias and impaired maturation of haematopoietic cells. Vasospasm of M2 and A2 segments can be treated with microcatheterization only. Endometrial inflammation and effect on implantation improvement and pregnancy outcome. Listeners agreed more reliably on the English translation for matched relative to mismatched dimensions, though reliable cross-dimensional mappings did occur.

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Our results demonstrate that a noninvasive, multimodal brain imaging technique can reveal individual cortical brain activity with high temporal and spatial resolution, independent of a priori physiological assumptions. One of the central skills integral to effective Bodywork and Movement Therapies is pattern recognition. Which position is more comfortable for the parturient during identification of the epidural space?

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The validity of the trials was scored using the Detsky quality scale. (extension study of NCT00149913). Mild vitamin A deficiency and childhood morbidity--an Indian experience. The severity of dental fluorosis depends on when and for how long the overexposure to fluoride occurs, the individual response, weight, degree of physical activity, nutritional factors and bone growth. Amalgam was found to have poor bacteriocidal properties and poor tissue compatibility but slightly better apical sealing abilities than the cements.

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Natural products as sources of new fungicides (I): synthesis and antifungal activity of acetophenone derivatives against phytopathogenic fungi. In the offsprings of the aneuploids (P3) with 41-44 chromosomes, there are four types of plants with 29-32 chromosomes. Rheumatoid factor B cell tolerance via autonomous Fas/FasL-independent apoptosis. The PLS2 model is able to predict concentrations of both major sugar components, like glucose and xylose, and minor sugars, such as arabinose and mannose, in biomass hydrolysates.

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albicans infections have shown that, although itraconazole solution is as effective as fluconazole, it is less well tolerated as first-line therapy. Migrants stopped over for 1-7 days and replenished energy reserves at rates that varied from 0.19 g/d for Hooded Warblers (Wilsonia citrina) to 0.87 g/d for Ovenbirds (Seiurus aurocapillus). The histaminergic system consists of neurons located in tuberomammillary nucleus of the posterior hypothalamus. We conclude that routine monitoring of serum levels effectively detects subtherapeutic antibiotic levels. To verify the total (TF), soluble (SF) and ionic (IF) fluoride concentrations in the main Brazilian dentifrices for comparison and quality control according to the current Brazilian Ministry of Health Regulations, 2000.

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Simulations show that the proposed corrections for multiply imputed data give a good coverage of the population loadings in various situations. Overall, 15.09 per cent of the surveyed population was affected during the outbreak and attack rate was higher at Pimpalgaon. Vulnerability to burnout within the nursing workforce-The role of personality and interpersonal behaviour. We assessed glycemic control and other clinical indicators using standardized NHANES protocols. Of the enzymes, 50 mug caused circumscribed hemorrhage at the inoculated local and subcutaneous part, and ulcerating lesions of skin and extensive hemorrhagic lesion at the subcutaneous tissues were observed in the case of inoculation with 250 mug.

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Phosphorylation is selectively activated by phosphatidic acid (PA) versus other lipids and occurs on a threonine residue in p22(phox). The computer model weighs the important considerations of patient age, mortality and morbidity rates of the physician performing the surgery, rebleeding from the arteriovenous malformation, and patient desires, using the Markov process.

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Negative perfectionism refers to concern over not meeting personal standards. A girl had hemolytic uremic syndrome after Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection, despite pre-diarrheal administration of an antibiotic that prevented detectable intestinal colonization.

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Protocol for physical assessment in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome. The experimental results show that miR-KDE delivers favorable performance in predicting human pre-miRNAs and has advantages for pre-miRNAs from the genera taxonomically distant to humans. This article reports on a survey of the moral problems that Dutch nurses experience during their everyday practice. Physiological studies on nitric oxide in the right sided colon of patients with diverticular disease.

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elegans, Drosophila, and zebrafish biology and husbandry and will discuss how these models are being used for phenotype-based drug screening and for identification of drug targets and mechanisms of action. The aim of this study was to compare the results of volar and dorsal approach for surgical treatment of proximal half fracture of the radius. A search of four databases and two-stage screening procedure with good reliability identified nine eligible systematic reviews. Genetic variants of IgA detected in normal mouse intestinal contents.

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Effect of carbamide peroxide-based bleaching agents containing fluoride or calcium on tensile strength of human enamel. Outcome of Clostridium difficile-associated disease in solid organ transplant recipients: a prospective and multicentre cohort study. Little is known about purchasing micronutrient powders (MNP) for children 2-5 years. Since more than a century elective radical dissection of regional lymph nodes is a standard procedure in tumour surgery.

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This conclusion might better explain the competitive solubilization of the two sterols in the human digestive tract. The lateral approach for chemonucleolysis was developed to avoid dural puncture, which occurs with midline and posterolateral approaches.

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Lag time between TG and BG was found to be noticeable, but a quantitative modeling to correlate lag time in this study is unnecessary. Very small HCCs discovered on surveillance have the best outcomes. Patient was treated with three cycles of combined chemotherapy: ifosfamide, gemcitabine, vinorelbine and prednisone. Effects of mild hypothermia on the cortical release of excitatory amino acids and nitric oxide synthesis following hypoxia. These include weight loss, reproductive quiescence, and pelage growth with shortening photoperiod and vice versa with lengthening photoperiod.

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In this chapter, some of the most recent microarray-based techniques relating to plant cell walls are described together with an overview of related contemporary techniques applied to carbohydrate microarrays and their general potential in glycoscience. Here we determined the impact of ghrelin treatment on anorexia, skeletal muscle mitochondrial oxidative capacity, AKT phosphorylation as a measure of insulin signaling, and lean body mass in a rat model of chronic kidney disease. Clinically, this knowledge is critical to more efficiently target behaviors with the greatest associations to mental health in military personnel. MEDLINE and the Cochrane Library (1995-May 2008) were searched for controlled trials. This uncommon lesion has been reported in two publications, either as a possible marker of the malignant rhabdoid tumor or as a hamartomatous tongue lesion in children.

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This disparity may be attributable to the reduction in the number of nigrostriatal nerve endings, leading, in vivo, to a relative increase of extracellular dopamine because active reuptake into the nerve endings is an important mechanism for removing dopamine from the synaptic cleft. In the group fed CF, AA was significantly lower in the PL of aorta, platelet and heart, and the ratio 20:3(n-9)/20:4(n-6) was greater than in the groups fed CO, B or HF, indicating that the group fed CF was essential fatty acid (EFA) deficient. One of the advantages of nanotechnology is the feasibility to construct therapeutic particles carrying multiple therapeutics with defined structure and stoichiometry.

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The induction of micronucleated liver cells (MN-liver cell) was examined with halogenated and hydroxylated quinolines using partially hepatectomized mice. In Planta Determination of the mRNA-Binding Proteome of Arabidopsis Etiolated Seedlings.

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Furthermore, the binding of cysteinyl LT receptor antagonists to mAbLTC suggests the structural resemblance of the LT-recognition site of the antibody to that of these receptors. Existing studies provide insufficient evidence to confirm or refute ethnic inequalities in diagnostic intervals of cancer. Amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP), a novel method for molecular typing, was evaluated for its ability to differentiate among a group of highly related Chlamydia psittaci strains isolated from ruminants and belonging to serotype 1. For it was made a study of the training needs and were designed clinical simulation escenarios, theoretical sessions as well in workshops usual workplace.

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Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are one of the most widely used nanomaterials and have been reported to induce autophagosome accumulation. The definition of and the criteria for feeding and eating disorders given in DSM-5 are an improvement on those used in dsm-iv and should help to reduce the eating disorders not otherwise specified (EDNOS). To investigate inflammatory bowel disease tissues for the presence of these bacteria. Other than the classical corticosteroid treatment, other immunosuppressive agents show promise in the atypical cases.

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Rotating rhombomeres 5 and 6 along the anteroposterior axis also impacts cochlear duct morphogenesis but has little effect on the vestibular components. In addition to traditional nucleic acid-based genetic determinants, unique proteins known as prions can also act as elements of inheritance, infectivity, and disease. Interfacial rheology of polymer/carbon nanotube films co-assembled at the oil/water interface. Serological studies on the carbohydrate moiety of human tyrosinase.

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Activation of Src family kinase yes induced by Shiga toxin binding to globotriaosyl ceramide (Gb3/CD77) in low density, detergent-insoluble microdomains. We identified interleukin enhancer binding factor 3 (ILF-3) as a novel factor in the complex. Our results revealed that PACAP-38 is present in human plasma, its concentration is relatively stable in healthy volunteers and it is not significantly altered by gender, age, food intake or hormonal cycle in females.

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Using this alternative substrate with electron-withdrawing bromo group at the C3 position to slow down the condensation step, trapping of farnesol in the OPPs reaction from radiolabeled FPP under basic condition was observed, consistent with a sequential mechanism. For example, compounds such as curcumin are effective when applied topically to the skin or administered orally to affect the colon but are not effective in internal organs such as the lungs. Infants with severe forms of BPD may represent a particularly high-risk subgroup for decreased RV performance warranting cardiac surveillance. Use of repair endonucleases to assess DNA damage by peroxynitrite. Strikingly, our study showed that BosR controls the expression of two major virulence-associated Bb lipoproteins, OspC and DbpA, likely via an influence on the alternative sigma factor, RpoS.

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Diastolic dysfunction was infrequent as a possible cause of dyspnea, and coexisting potential causes of dyspnea were often present. A written survey was distributed to undergraduate medical students at a public sector medical college at Karachi, Pakistan in 2011. Because of the reported nephrotoxicity during the first years of use of colistin, there were concerns of its use in pediatrics where there was limited experience The aim of this study is to document the clinical characteristics and outcomes of use of colistin in pediatric patients at a pediatric intensive care unit in Turkey. Bullet emboli are an interesting but rare occurrence and their management when situated in the venous system remains controversial. The reliability and validity of the persian version of sinonasal outcome test 22 (snot 22) questionnaires.

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Eukaryotic elongation factor 2 kinase, an unusual enzyme with multiple roles. CRF and restraint-stress decrease exploratory behavior in hypophysectomized mice.

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Simulation studies illustrate the efficacy of the proposed method. Professional opportunities for toxicologists: the requirements of the public sector for education/teaching. Identifying the ideal treatment for these patients will improve responses to therapy, minimize morbidity, and save significant healthcare dollars. The C3b/C4b receptor (CR1, CD35) on erythrocytes: methods for study of the polymorphisms.

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While a direct link between aseptic loosening and periprosthetic bone loss remains elusive, there is plentiful evidence for a close association with early implant migration. The current review discusses the efficacy of exercise and yoga to ameliorate depression and thereby reduce the risk of cognitive decline and potentially prevent dementia. Is preoperative angiography useful in patients with periampullary tumors?

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Three cases of secondary gastric lymphoma are presented in which diagnosis was suggested by ultrasound (US) and confirmed by endoscopy and microscopical examination. However, to date, next-gen technologies have been used principally for whole genome sequencing and transcriptome sequencing. The review contains the data concerning restenoses of sirolimus- and paclitaxel-eluting stents, suggesting that the stents with an antiproliferative coating substantially diminished the acuity of the problem regarding restenoses but did not solve the problem completely. We propose that insertion, deletion, and rearrangement of plastid sequences in the nuclear genome are important evolutionary processes in the generation of novel nuclear genes.

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Scattered radiation and the lateral lumbar spine--Part 1: Initial research. Two numerical and two structural abnormalities were identified and clinical consequences taken. ROS production from these sites is modulated in an insult-specific manner and the sites are differentially accessible to common antioxidants. Single-cell tracking of flavivirus RNA uncovers species-specific interactions with the immune system dictating disease outcome. Plaque score changes based primarily on patient performance at specific time intervals.

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Study on the charge-transfer reaction between 7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane and drugs. This article reviews the preparation designs as well as several types of materials currently available for the cosmetic nadifloxacin vs clindamycin cream onlay. Intra-oral colonization of macaque monkeys by Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans.

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X-ray microanalysis conducted using the scanning electron microscope is a technique that allows the determination of chemical elements in bulk or semi-thick specimens. Mapping of deletions in the genome of the highly attenuated vaccinia lansoprazole suspension for infants side effects virus MVA and their influence on virulence. Extraction of chronic pacemaker and defibrillator leads from the coronary sinus: laser infrequently used but required.

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Here, we describe an extremely rare case of squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva in a virgin woman with Turner syndrome. The primary and secondary antibody responses in rabbits, intravenously immunized with formalin-killed Vibrio cholerae, were studied with regard to amount, immunoglobulin class distribution and binding qualities of the antibodies tensen yu-gi-oh online to the bacterial endotoxin.

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The changes are discussed in relation to nutritional interactions between host and parasite and the possible effects on host hormone levels. The RBC agglutination assay described here provides a remarkably simple approach for the rapid and highly specific screening of various pathogens in their biological danoxilin 500 mg naproxen niches. Sunlight is the ultimate energy source for the vast majority of life on Earth, and organisms have evolved elegant machinery for energy capture and utilization.

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The goal of this review is to examine the relationship between diabetes and depression, as well as diabetes and suicide. The highest protective effect was observed for the 400 mg/kg dose. The social-economic benefits in schistosomiasis control vaccino antinfluenzale 2014 fluad vs fluzone and treatment are obvious.

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Attitudes and commitment of medical personnel are crucial for successful organ donation. FC concentrations were measured by a rapid, quantitative point-of-care talosin medication test using lateral flow technology (Quantum Blue). Each one of these conditions is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), and the combination of the two conditions is a potent enhancer of CVD. Endometrial blood flow response to estrogen replacement therapy and tamoxifen in asymptomatic, postmenopausal women: a transvaginal Doppler study.

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This article discusses the prevalence of muscle injuries in soccer including diagnoses and complications, data from basic science, and therapeutic possibilities. The duration of ICU stay was significantly shorter for patients who underwent MIMVR, but this did not translate to a shorter hospitalization period. The sub-standarad mentally and abnormal behavior pattern service man. Most (10 of 12) patients had abnormal cVEMP and/or oVEMP results. The chronic disorder of arterial circulation in the lower extremities due to the atherosclerotic injuries tapazole alcohol interaction with metronidazole of the femoral-popliteal-tibial arteries was accompanied by the shift of the blood prooxidant-antioxidant balance towards more active free radical oxidation and by a depletion of antioxidant system.

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The ability of other liver lucon vs strasbourg soccerway results enzymes to bypass the coumarin-sensitive step greatly enhances the safety of 4-hydroxycoumarins. We review experimental and theoretical progress that has been made in recent years, describe the basic mechanisms at work, and provide an outlook on future prospects in this area. Primary immunodeficiency modeling with induced pluripotent stem cells.